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  1. The area labeled as "Northwoods" is mostly a wooded area with little population, which is continuous from MI to MN. There's even a local pop brand in Northern MI called Northwoods.

  2. The area called Great Lakes is extremely connected to the Great Lakes. They might not fit your "represenation" of what the Great Lakes are but the Great Lakes are certainly a defining feature of that region. And that area is the population center of the Great Lakes. As you said, the Northwoods region has little population and is basically centered on one of the Great Lakes (which you and others (and maybe myself)) might argue is the best but the Great Lakes include more than Lake Superior. And rust belt is much larger than the Great Lakes region shown on this map. And what do you mean most polluted water? Lake Superior actually has plenty of its own issues due to mining. And the Great Lakes themselves aren't really any better or worse than other freshwater bodies in the US.

  3. There's a footnote that states, "Blank areas indicate data not available"

  4. You are totally correct in the footnotes. I have found that usually when there is no data available (for BLS) its because the numbers are too low and for privacy and accuracy reasons they (BLS) don't show the numbers. It could be for some other reason, but usually it indicates a low number. (And I would be interested to know the reason, again all other times data was not available was because the numbers were too low, so I would be interested to know why the data isn't available if it weren't a low numbers issue).

  5. Delta has a TON of pilots who live in and near Atlanta.

  6. Thanks! That is what I would have thought. BLS is usually pretty good, I've never encountered a "no data available" for such as large data set which is why it surprised me. So while I don't want to just leave it as "well I guess they didn't collect the data", the fact that the question has been down voted means I'm guessing other people are okay with the data not being collected / I'm not going to find a more interesting answer than "there are alot of Delta pilots in Atlanta".

  7. As others say, DTW is probably one of the best large airports for a quick layover. If your whole trip is Delta you should be in McNamara Terminal for both flights. As long as it isn't a long delay (obviously over 30 minutes would wreck it) you should be totally fine. Even if you fly into Concourse B or C (I'm guessing you be flying out of A), its super easy to navigate (just be prepared for a trippy light show!)

  8. My guess would be that it's increasingly like everywhere else, i.e. full of farmland, urban and suburban areas that provide easy access to food.

  9. It's sad that this is the first comment to mention habitat and food. All of the other comments are making contradictory arguements about wolves (and bears, which there are plenty of black bears increasing in number in the eastern US too) suppressing them really well but humans have no effect on them whatsover. Which while there probably is something there (the wolve thing and why they are better at controlling coyotes population than humans), I think the bigger cause is exactly what you mentioned.

  10. To be fair while bears and wolves will attack coyotes, its not like coyotes are a typical prey source for them. Humans have kind of replaced wolves and bears (I'm guessing you mean grizzly bears because black bears have been re-expanding their range at the same time as coyotes in the east). Buut, that isn't to say humans haven't played a major role in their expansion. We have turned habitat thats was okay for coyotes (dense forests) into farmland and suburbia which is excellent for coyotes. And we provided a huge food source (and not just people's pets). The amount of rabbits (which were getting so numerous they would just "nest" out in the open on a lawn) and mice definitley dropped when coyotes moved into my old neighborhood. Suburbia and farmland are great for the small mammals that coyotes prey on.

  11. Have only seen up to S02E05, but this is my take on it

  12. Interesting point. The map seems to back this theory up at least on its face.

  13. I also think that in other countries outside the western hemisphere there is probably an thinking of implied consent of the region. I'm guessing most people outside of international relations junkies would probably want to see an expanded permanent UN Security Council if only because of the "political correctness" of having more represenation (I don't mean political correctness in a bad way, but rather just that the average person would want to see more representation because they think its the "right thing to do" without thinking about the practical issues involved either way). So I think most countries outside of a region would say country A (in this case Brazil) should get a permanent seat.

  14. I would prefer to call it North American Union

  15. The whole thing isn't for what the people in those countries would want. It's

  16. Oh I am sorry for misunderstanding this.

  17. Ha, no need to apologize. And I actually agree with you if it were serious!

  18. My point is that the original map wasn't trying to show standard of living. It was showing GDP per capita. Which in itself can be useful if you are trying to see how large an economy is (per person). Canada produces more per person in terms of tradable economic value than China does. That is useful information to know on top of what GDP PPP would show.

  19. It's really interesting to hear that most of those settlers came from my region of germany, I could also read the words on the flag "Lieber Gott im Himmel drin, lass uns deitsche wie mir sin" (Dear god in heaven, leave / let us germans as we are) The fact that it survived to this day, 300 years later is really fascinating, indicating a low number of immigration in those areas, explaining that kind of cultural bubble and how this foreign language has survived for this long!

  20. So what's really interesting is how "connected" the Amish are to their local "English" communities. I lived in an area with a high Amish population for a little bit, and it was fascinating because I only knew the stereotype before then. But the Amish are actually allowed to use more technology than I would have thought but often use "English" friends and neighbors as loopholes. Like having English drivers, couriers, etc. But they definitely have a strong sense of community and basically endogamy and a form of self imposed isolation which has helped them keep their culture including language.

  21. Wait a damn second, do the amish not consider themselves as americans or english? I also didn't know that they have their own language / dialect, really interesting stuff!

  22. As far as I know they do consider themselves Americans (and other Americans consider them Americans). They don't have to strictly follow certain laws, like to my knowledge they are allowed to not school their children after 8th grade in some states (when normally it would be until at least 16 (or 10th/11th grade)). And they don't have to pay social security taxes (but can't collect social security either obviously). But they are just one of the many different culture that make up Americans and are more integrated into the everyday life in their wider communities than some movies and shows would have you believe.

  23. The lack of "other toll booth" or propensity of "other toll booth" seems to be off based on my experience across the country. Definitley would be interested in knowing how this was counted.

  24. That is not what HDI measures, moron

  25. You are right, the map is about HDI only. You and the poster who you commented on are saying the same thing in terms of HDI only including a few data points. The reason to comment on what HDI doesn't include is because other commenters are making implicit assumptions that HDI = Quality of Life when there are many other facets. But the map never claims to show quality of life. And unfortunately I've noticed on

  26. In looking at the methodoloy of this index it is useful in terms of looking at trends but not useful in looking at states by number of books students have access to. The point of the index was looking at new/updated bans during the time period (July 2021-June 30 2022). This can include renewal of bans but doesn't include longstanding bans that weren't reviewed/renewed during this time period. I've looked at other data and school districts in Alabama tend to have more banned books than school districts in Pennsylvania. It's just that they didn't institute/change/review and renew any of their bans during this time period. So just make sure you are understanding the map correctly. The map would look very different if it were by "number of books banned" vs by "number of book bans during the time period".

  27. While I agree with the beginning of what you say. Let's be real. Businesses aren't doing it to refer to region by cultural identity. They are doing it because China will stir up nationalist sentiment if they list Taiwan seperately on their website, resulting at best unofficial boycotts and at worst official boycotts of their company in China, a much larger market than Taiwan. I'm not saying that the Chinese are right or wrong in doing this. Buut I have to call a spade a spade. Businesses use Greater China not because of cultural identity but because they are caving in to Chinese government demands while still trying to appease the moral conciousness of their own workers (thus not just saying China, which would also make sense following the logic of culture and both countries claiming to be China).

  28. Well yes. Of course nobody would be willingly doing linguistic gymnastics like this. Businesses want both the mainland and Taiwanese money so they have to pull something out of their ass. It’s the same deal with “Chinese Taipei” (which is a far stupider name btw).

  29. Yeah all I'm saying is that for most business people, politicians, etc. who's native language is English, aren't doing it as a compromise. They are doing it to placate the CCP. I've heard mixed things from people in Taiwan in what they want. But this just proves the point, the English speaking people (rightly or wrongly (probably wrongly in all honesty)) aren't taking into consideration the Taiwanese perspective in using Greater China. They are purely being lapdogs of the CCP (myself included) because the CCP gets so easily offended but has lots of money (way more than Taiwan and also more willing to use different levers to punish people it doesn't like than Taiwan). It might have been different back in the 70s/80s and again might be different in Mandarin media in both Taiwan and China. I'm just letting others know that the only issue I see in in this thread is "businesses want both mainland and Taiwanese money" which implies that the English speaking business people, politicians, media, etc. took Taiwanese leaders and people, mainland Chinese leaders and peoples views into account when deciding to use the term Greater China now. This is false, English speaking people use this term in deference to Chinese leaders only, even if other people in China and Taiwan like the term. That is my only point. I'm not Chinese nor Taiwanese so I can't bring that perspective. But I am a native English speaker so I can bring that perspective. It's not a matter of being offended by the term. Its a matter of being told why I (or anoyne) do something when it is not why I do something (something that should bother everyone).

  30. The US, UK and France invaded Russia during the communist revolution, it didn't work

  31. The only problem I have with this is that it seems selective to certain nations. Based on the thread the idea of "invasion" is used liberally for France and especially the UK and US, but sparingly for the Netherlands, Germany, and Russia. For example I would argue that the Netherlands should be marked for North Korea if the US is. The 819 Dutch who lost their lives in the Korean civil war surely count as much as the 400 and something Americans who lost their lives in the Russian civil war. The Germans were just as involved in the Spanish civil war as the Americans were in the Russian civil war. There are numerous examples of this with the 6 countries listed. Either the US or UK should loose some territory or the Netherlands, Germany, and Russia should gain some territory.

  32. Is this based on the special forces sent there ("invaded")? The US never claimed Liberia and the American Colonization Society (and freed American slaves who settled) only reached the coastal areas. I know this is nitpiky.

  33. They didn't do pencil in the hair or color chart tests? What kind of riduculous school did you go to where you weren't assigned a race by a panel like the Hogwarts hat choosing which school you belonged in?

  34. What do you mean? Most people who identify as black are actually mixed race. And if you did 23 and me type dna test, there are plenty of people who identify as white also have African ancestory.

  35. Well... no. Like in another one country, in Russia subjects are different by salary, social programs etc. In Moscow and Saint Petersburg most people no need to go in army because they have more opportunities in life, but they still not identify yourself with Ukraine.

  36. But its not like in every other country. In the US there is a huge cultural aspect. "Red" states (not including New England states like New Hampshire or Maine) tend to have more soldiers recruited from them instead of "Blue" states regardless of income. And to keep using the US example, using generalizations, the average person in Texas or Georgia (two states that are Red but not necessarilly poor) would have supported the Iraq War vs the average person in Massachusets or Washington (again not poor). So I think the person is guessing Russia is similar with people in St. Petersburg or Moscow being less pro war (just like say San Francisco or New York were doing the Iraq War) and the other places being more pro war like Texas, Alabama, Kansas. Soo it might be different in Russia but it's just down to economics in the US.

  37. How do you figure the Rust Belt is overrepresented? Your link shows that for recruits, OH and IN are dead average; IL, MI, and WI are slightly underrepresented. Western PA and NY are usually included in the Rust Belt too, and they're slightly and significantly underrepresented respectively, although that could be from the rest of the respective states being much lower than average.

  38. I love the euchre reference. Mainly because anyonwho gets it is probably from the rustbelt and knows its not the mountain west (or west). But if you aren't from there then it probably doesn't mean anything.

  39. The incorrect fact is due to the stereotype which comes from the fact that Scandanavians tend to have some of the highest suicide rates of the DEVELOPED world along with East Asia, the developed parts of Eastern Europe, and more recently the Anglosphere. Before South Korea and Eastern Europe became developed and suicide rates in the Anglosphere went up, the Scandanvian countries along with Japan tended to have the highest suicide rates, again among the developed world. The reason why the stereotype caught on is because in the Anglosphere at least, we are brainwashed to believe that the Scandanavian countries are the happiest on the planet, we should all adopt Hyge (but can't because we really don't get IT), and that they are utopias created by the common sense, hard work, and willingness to share their people embody. So if these supposed utopias have some of the highest suicide rates in developed Europe, then obviously that is going to become a story / stereotype even if the stereotype runs away from the facts and leads to uniformed people stating falsehoods based on the stereotype.

  40. Only 5 of them are positive, Andorra, Belgium, France, Russia and Switzerland The rest is either negative or neither

  41. I noticed that too. And based on all of the negative ones, I wonder if some of the positive ones are searched because they are surprising (though this would then have to apply to some of the negative ones too). Like someone knowing about France and being like "why are THEY so famous?" Or knowing about Belguim and searching "how they are so rich? They have a dysfunctional government". But then you would have to look at maybe Spain and say that they are asking "Why is Spain so poor? They controlled half the world at one point". Interesting to look at it different ways.

  42. It probably is by value. But its not dollar value vs. physical amount that is causing the weirdness. Zero times zero is till zero. And virtually zero gold is produced in the UK and Switzerland and Panama and Liberia build zero cruise ships.

  43. The map appears to be measured by dollar value, not by volume or number of goods exported. So even though the UK exports mechanical power generators, the value of the gold it exports is greater. Hence the reason weapons aren't top of the list in any of the countries portrayed.

  44. They are also only showing physical items (gold) but using measurements most would consider services (commodity trading / bullion import and export for wealth storage). Same thing with cruise ships. Cruise ships are not built in the Carribean but they are flagged there. So everytime a Cruiseship gets flagged and then is sent to its homebase (almost never in the flagged country) must count as an export.

  45. Look at the real world. The more complex a system the easier it is to break. A system of conservation is almost always simpler than a system of complex logistics. Also, Caladan might be water rich, but I understood that they were kind of trying to be more environmentally concious in their own way. Taking large amounts of water off world (and thereby removing it permanently from the water cycle) would have an effect on the planet even if the amount seems small in comparison to the total water.

  46. I love how none of the comments I've read are "what about sales tax?"

  47. Property / income taxes feel like they take a bigger bite out of your wallet

  48. I get that. But again, not pushing past that is because of indoctrination by certain groups. (I used to fall for it too). It might feel like a bigger bite, but unless you are in the top 20% of households by income it isn't. If we (collectively the American people) weren't constantly indoctrinated to think that way even when it goes against most of our best interests economically, then when we would stop to think and be like oh, I haven't thought of it like that before, that is interesting. Instead we get defensive and defend a system that works against us (if people are in the top 20% income bracket then it doesn't work against them, but for most is neutral unless you are in the top 5%, that is who benefits from the system of looking at property taxes and income taxes as worse than sales taxes and fees (and correspondingly rating states, counties, etc. by taxation levels).)

  49. Personally, I feel it’s a bit misleading. TLC airport isn’t for CDMX; it’s for Toluca (a city of 1m people). It happens to also handle some low cost flights for CDMX; but that’s not it’s city. Same thing goes for Ontario airport in California. It’s downtown is in Ontario, which is a city of 180,000, not LA. If you wanted to loosen the definition; fine, it serves the IE (an area of 5m people) and the closest thing to a downtown there is Riverside; much closer than LA.

  50. I think it is hard in North America. I was actually surprised with Detroit for example. But then I realized it was DTW to downtown which I guess isn't too far. But so much of the population lives farther from the airport than downtown just the way the metro area is configured. (DTW is southwest of Detroit, most of the population growth has been west and north of Detroit, and south of DTW is farms and woods so I always think of it as far away / on the edge of the metro area).

  51. No that most likely wouldnt be the case, here in the Netherlands you have English as a almost secondary language of the government while the official language is dutch. And french is used through the whole EU because of reasons

  52. And sorry if I'm coming on strong. But to come clean, I work in an agency that receives Federal funds and just worked on our required LEP plan because I totally endorse it (requiring an LEP plan). If you have the political leanings of Donald Trump and Marjorie Green please continue (they support English as an official language), but because I personally have more of the leanings of Bernie Sanders and Barrak Obama (they oppose it) I'm trying to at least educate Americans on here that have similar leanings what having English as official language would do (again I realize it is probably different in other countries, but hopefully people from other countries realize that it could be different for the US compared to them too). To many Americans with similar views to mine hear the views of someone in a northern/central European country and automatically assume its the "good" view and should be applied in the US without thinking about the different contexts of each country.

  53. But it would be the case in the US (look up who is supporting making English an official language in the US and who isn't to confirm this). I haven't lived in the Netherlands but English isn't the language of a marginalized immigrant community so it's a bit of a red herring. In other European countries I have lived in, the onus was on the immigrant to understand the documents/services in the language(s) provided while in the US the onus is on the agency to make sure they provide services/programs/documents in the language of the person served. If English became the official language it wouldn't mean that agencies couldn't use another language (although there isn't a similar reason to in terms of using English or French in different European countries) but that they wouldn't have to. Maybe in the Netherlands an explicit policy exists to override this, but in the US, making English official would make it so that the onus is on the person with LEP (limited english proficiency) not the government.

  54. To be fair this is a matter of data going against what politicians and certain media have brainwashed people into believing - Democrat places are hellholes. So if you agree that Fox News and politicians constantly harping on how horrible California, Illinois, New York, etc are BECAUSE they are Democrat/liberal are wrong and just as derivative then sure. But if your just mad because the data doesnt' back what politcians and Fox News have been trying to sell to the public in terms of party and geography then I guess there is no point arguing with you anyways.

  55. Lets not kid ourselves if you agree with Fox News then you obviously agree with their view of quality of life so my arguement won't hold water because if we are not looking at measurable statistics like HDI and GDP then its all just a matter of us thinking our opinion is right and the other's opinion is wrong. I have been to Baltimore and while I haven't been to Norman Ok I have been to many small and medium sized towns in Texas, Georgia, Kentucky, Florida, among others. I believe Baltimore has a better quality of life and standard of living than than Norman, certainly better than those towns I've been to. You might not. But I'm just wrong because I don't value the things you do (just like your wrong in my mind because of the opposite). We can only base things on statistics otherwise. So at this point you probably think I'm just making stuff up, just like I think you are making stuff up. So I guess agree to disagree.

  56. The term midwest started in Kansas and Nebraska in the late 1800’’s and early 1900’s. It eventually became popularized in the Chicago and great lakes states. Kansas and the plains are the real Midwest. Great Lakes states are the north.

  57. No one uses the term the north though except for in opposition to the South (and therefore many more states than the Great Lakes states). If anything the Great Lakes states would just be Great Lakes states if they weren't considered the Midwest.

  58. Interesting, just looked it up, looks like their broadcast area is Minnesota, the Dakotas, Iowa, and Wisconsin. Which makes more sense than the Great Lakes states. I'll just say that I live in a Great Lakes state (and not one in the broadcast area) and no one would say we live in the "north" except as in we live above the Mason Dixon line. And while exceptions prove the rule, I'm sure you would find plenty of people getting mad at people from Michigan and Ohio calling themselves "the North" just as there are people who get mad when people from those states call themselves the Midwest. Pretty sure "the North" was used by the northern states further east before Michigan existed so the complaint about the Midwest people from Kansas are making would hold true. As someone from the Great Lakes region, if you want to not have people from the Great Lakes region (besides maybe Minnesota) call their states the Midwest, call them the Great Lakes region (capitalized) and not "the north".

  59. Anyone know why countries colonized by Catholic countries in Africa are Protestant? Was it just that they didn't send missionaries but other countries like the US and UK that tend to send Protestant missionaries went there?

  60. I think a lot of people overestimate how widespread Catholicism, Protestantism, and Islam actually were among average Africans prior to the late 19th century. Even in regions that traditionally had those religions in them, they were not anywhere near as widespread as today. The majority of Sub-Saharan African families converted to one of them during the colonial period and there were missionaries from all three working all over the continent. Sometimes the colonial governments even encouraged conversions to "rival" faiths, because all 3 were seen as favorable to the indigenous beliefs and practices.

  61. For me at least, its not a matter of thinking that Christianity was widespread before the late 19th century. It's just interesting that it seems like places that were "colonized" by Catholic countries are Protestant but not vice versa. (Please point out if I'm missing something). But it sounds like the missionaries from Protestants were just more successful than Catholic ones (which again makes sense using your late 19th century timeline. I've never come across Catholic missionaries/mission trips even though I live in a county in the US where Catholicism in the top denomination but I've come across numerous Protestant ones.)

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